Unbound is a validating, recursive, and caching DNS resolver product from NLnet Labs. It is distributed free of charge in open-source form under the BSD license.

sudo pacman -S unbound expat
sudo nano /etc/unbound/unbound.conf
    # If no logfile is specified, syslog is used
    # logfile: "/var/log/unbound/unbound.log"
    verbosity: 0

# Enable port if you're going to use DNSCrypt/ADGuardhome.
#    port: 5353

    do-ip4: yes
    do-udp: yes
    do-tcp: yes
    do-daemonize: no
    trust-anchor-file: /etc/unbound/trusted-key.key

    # May be set to yes if you have IPv6 connectivity
    do-ip6: no

    # Use this only when you downloaded the list of primary root servers!
    root-hints: "/etc/unbound/root.hints"

    # Trust glue only if it is within the servers authority
    harden-glue: yes

    # Require DNSSEC data for trust-anchored zones, if such data is absent, the zone becomes BOGUS
    harden-dnssec-stripped: yes

    # Don't use Capitalization randomization as it known to cause DNSSEC issues sometimes
    # see https://discourse.pi-hole.net/t/unbound-stubby-or-dnscrypt-proxy/9378 for further details
    use-caps-for-id: no

    # Reduce EDNS reassembly buffer size.
    # Suggested by the unbound man page to reduce fragmentation reassembly problems
    edns-buffer-size: 1472

    # TTL bounds for cache
    cache-min-ttl: 3600
    cache-max-ttl: 86400

    # Perform prefetching of close to expired message cache entries
    # This only applies to domains that have been frequently queried
    prefetch: yes

    # One thread should be sufficient, can be increased on beefy machines
    num-threads: 1

    # Ensure kernel buffer is large enough to not loose messages in traffic spikes
    so-rcvbuf: 1m

    hide-identity: yes
    hide-version: yes

To recursively query a host that is not cached as an address, the resolver must start at the top of the server tree and query the root servers to learn where to find the top-level domain for the queried address. There are hints built into Unbound by default. Therefore, if the package is updated regularly, no manual intervention is required. Otherwise, it is advisable to use a root hint file, since the built-in hints may be outdated.

curl --output /etc/unbound/root.hints https://www.internic.net/domain/named.cache
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/roothints.service
Description=Update root hints for unbound

ExecStart=/usr/bin/curl -o /etc/unbound/root.hints https://www.internic.net/domain/named.cache
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/roothints.timer
Description=Run root.hints monthly

sudo systemctl enable --now unbound.service roothints.timer
sudo nano /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/dns-servers.conf
sudo systemctl restart NetworkManager.service

If you want to install our DNSCrypt tutorial, or you already have it, you still need to enable the port

# Enable port if you're going to use DNSCrypt/ADGuardhome.
port: 5353

and add the following to the bottom:

# dnscrypt-proxy
  do-not-query-localhost: no
  name: "."
  • en/server/services/unbound.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/05/30 02:20
  • by dan